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FireUsing a Fire ExtinguisherHere are some helpful tips and suggestions about fires and the use of fire extinguishers. Need more? Talk to your local fire and police officials about safety training programs in your area. Remember - be safe and be smart.Wildfires What Homeowners Need to KnowThe more you know and understand about the causes of wildfires, the better you can protect yourself, your family and your home from wildfire loss and injury. What Firefighters DoFire fighting is no easy task. Here are some basics about these truly heroic people. Fire Safety Questions and AnswersWhat to know before a fire.Apartment Fires What You Should KnowThis list accompanies Help – House Fire. [WHN page link TK] Be sure to read that as well as the following tips.After a Fire Questions You May Be AskedAfter the fire, you may have a meeting or interview with a fire chief, fire marshal and/or arson investigator. This helps the fire department decide the cause of the fire, which may also impact your insurance claim.After a Fire Common Homeowner MistakesIn the aftermath of a house fire, most homeowners are too distraught to think clearly about what to do next such as secure the property, remove important documents and notify the mortgage company.Top 10 Cooking Safety TipsCooking is the leading cause of home fires in the U.S. It is also the leading cause of home fire injuries. Educate yourself now on fire prevention and what to do if a fire does occur.Testing GFCI Electrical OutletsHere's what you need to know about GFCIs.Smoke Alarm Safety GuidelinesOver 90 percent of U.S. homes have at least one smoke alarm, according to the United States Fire Administration (USFA). Here are some tips from their site.Preventing Carbon Monoxide PoisoningAccording to FreeMD, carbon monoxide is the leading cause of death by poisoning in the United States. Learn how to avoid becoming one of those numbers.Kids and Fire SafetyGetting kids involved in fire safety is important…and often not the first thing kids want to do when they could be playing with friends. Here are some tips to get your kids input on family fire safety.4 Fast Facts About FireThe United States Fire Administration (USFA), a division of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), believes that fire deaths can be reduced by teaching people the basic facts about fire. Below are some simple facts from the USFA .Quick Fire Preparedness TipsWe've found we've found several blogs where people have said that their own home took only 5-10 minutes to burn. Whether you have 5 minutes or all afternoon, here are quick tasks could save you from a financial heartache down the road.Emergency Window Decals Why NOT to Use ThemDo you have fire decals on your windows? Interestingly, nearly all modern fire departments around the country do not recommend using them. Here are some reasons from the National Fire Prevention Association.Campfire Safety 101Toasting marshmallows and roasting hotdogs over a crackling campfire is one of the most popular American summer activities. Be safe and follow these tips.Backyard Fire Pit Safety TipsSitting around a fire is an American summer past time we hold dear to our hearts. However, not all of us can escape to the woods for the true campfire experience. Backyard fire pits are becoming a popular alternative to camp fires.BBQ Safety TipsGrilling is an American favorite. But if you're not careful, it can be a fire hazard. Read through these safety tips from the Home Safety Council.

Wildfires: What Homeowners Need to Know

The more you know and understand about the causes of wildfires, the better you can protect yourself, your family and your home from wildfire loss and injury. These tips are from FEMA and Ready.gov , the National Interagency Fire Center and Smokey The Bear.

What Are Wildfires?

There are three different classes of wildfires:

A "surface fire" is the most common type and burns along a forest floor, moving slowly and killing or damaging trees.

A "ground fire" usually starts from lightning strikes and burns on or below the forest floor in the human layer down to the mineral soil.

"Crown fires" spread rapidly by wind and move quickly by jumping along the tops of trees.

Where can I find out if I am at risk from wildfires?

Contact your local fire department, forestry service or other emergency response agencies for information on fire laws and wildfire risks in your area.

What causes wildfires?

Over four out of every five forest fires are started by people. Negligent human behavior, such as smoking in forested areas or improperly extinguishing campfires, causes of many forest fires.

Lightning can also cause forest fires.

What should I do if a wildfire threatens?

Listen regularly to local radio or television stations for updated emergency information and follow the instructions of local officials, including safest escape route, which may be different than you expect.

Also listen for air quality index reports. If the air quality is poor, this will affect those with asthma or other breathing or health conditions.

Be ready to leave. Back your car into the garage (leave the door open) or park it in an open space facing the direction of escape.

Leave your keys in the ignition and the doors unlocked.

Confine pets to one room and have their carriers and supplies ready to go.

If you're sure you have time, take steps to reduce the chance of your home catching fire or lessen the amount of damage from a nearby fire.

For more tips, read Ready.gov's Wildfires article.

Protecting Your Property from Wildfires

WHN Tip: Is Your Home at Risk for Wildfires?
If you aren't sure if your house is at risk from wildfires, check with your local fire marshal, building official, city engineer, or planning and zoning administrator. They can tell you whether you are in a wildfire hazard area. Also, they usually can tell you how to protect yourself and your house and property from wildfires.

Landscaping

Clear the area immediately surrounding your house of trees, shrubs, and other vegetation; yard debris; or other materials that burn easily.

Remove vines from the walls of the home. Even live vines can spread fire quickly.

Plant fire-resistant shrubs and trees in your safety zone and on the remainder of your property. Fire-resistant plants are less likely to catch and spread fire closer to your home. Ask your city what they recommend for your zone.

Remove portions of any tree extending within 10 feet of the flue opening of any stove or chimney and branches from trees to height of 15 feet.

Consider landscaping alternatives such as creating a rock garden.

Your Home

WHN Tip: Leave it to the professionals
You may be able to make some of these changes below yourself. But complicated or large-scale changes, those that affect the structure of your house, its electrical wiring, or plumbing should be carried out only by a professional contractor licensed to work in your state, county, or city.

The roof and exterior structure of your dwelling should be constructed of non-combustible or fire resistant materials such as fire resistant roofing materials, tile, slate, sheet iron, aluminum, brick, or stone.

Wood siding, cedar shakes, exterior wood paneling, and other highly combustible materials should be treated with fire retardant chemicals.

Regularly clean roof surfaces and gutters of pine needles, leaves, branches, etc., to avoid accumulation of flammable materials.

Maintain a screen constructed of non-flammable material over the flue opening of every chimney or stovepipe. Mesh openings of the screen should not exceed 1/2 inch.

Store gasoline in an approved safety can away from occupied buildings. Propane tanks should be far enough away from buildings for valves to be shut off in case of fire.

All combustibles such as firewood, picnic tables, boats, etc. should be kept away from structures.

Emergency Plan for Wildfires

Make sure that fire vehicles can get to your home. If wildfires threaten, firefighters will try to reduce damage around your home.

Clearly mark all driveway entrances and display your name and address.

Post fire emergency telephone numbers. Print out Your WHN Contact List. [WHN page link TK] When wildfires threaten, contacting emergency officials as quickly as possible may reduce further damage.

Plan two ways out of your neighborhood, in case your primary route is blocked. But always follow the recommended evacuation route if identified.

Additional Resources

Ready.gov--Wildfires If you are in a disaster declared wildfire area, you may be eligible for FEMA assistance. FEMA prepares the nation for hazards and manages federal response and recovery efforts following any national incident. FEMA also initiates proactive mitigation activities, trains first responders, and manages the National Flood Insurance Program and the U.S. Fire Administration.

Living With Fire
This site offers tips on what to do before and during a wildfire. The Living With Fire program is a collaborative effort of the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Nevada and USDA Forest Service, Nevada Insurance Council and other state departments.

Smokey The Bear
Only you can prevent forest fires. "Smokey Kids" offers great games and forest fire info. The longest running public service campaign in US history, Smokey the Bear is known for his forest fire prevention message. Smokey is administered by the USDA Forest Service, the National Association of State Foresters and the AD Council.

FireUsing a Fire ExtinguisherHere are some helpful tips and suggestions about fires and the use of fire extinguishers. Need more? Talk to your local fire and police officials about safety training programs in your area. Remember - be safe and be smart.Wildfires What Homeowners Need to KnowThe more you know and understand about the causes of wildfires, the better you can protect yourself, your family and your home from wildfire loss and injury. What Firefighters DoFire fighting is no easy task. Here are some basics about these truly heroic people. Fire Safety Questions and AnswersWhat to know before a fire.Apartment Fires What You Should KnowThis list accompanies Help – House Fire. [WHN page link TK] Be sure to read that as well as the following tips.After a Fire Questions You May Be AskedAfter the fire, you may have a meeting or interview with a fire chief, fire marshal and/or arson investigator. This helps the fire department decide the cause of the fire, which may also impact your insurance claim.After a Fire Common Homeowner MistakesIn the aftermath of a house fire, most homeowners are too distraught to think clearly about what to do next such as secure the property, remove important documents and notify the mortgage company.Top 10 Cooking Safety TipsCooking is the leading cause of home fires in the U.S. It is also the leading cause of home fire injuries. Educate yourself now on fire prevention and what to do if a fire does occur.Testing GFCI Electrical OutletsHere's what you need to know about GFCIs.Smoke Alarm Safety GuidelinesOver 90 percent of U.S. homes have at least one smoke alarm, according to the United States Fire Administration (USFA). Here are some tips from their site.Preventing Carbon Monoxide PoisoningAccording to FreeMD, carbon monoxide is the leading cause of death by poisoning in the United States. Learn how to avoid becoming one of those numbers.Kids and Fire SafetyGetting kids involved in fire safety is important…and often not the first thing kids want to do when they could be playing with friends. Here are some tips to get your kids input on family fire safety.4 Fast Facts About FireThe United States Fire Administration (USFA), a division of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), believes that fire deaths can be reduced by teaching people the basic facts about fire. Below are some simple facts from the USFA .Quick Fire Preparedness TipsWe've found we've found several blogs where people have said that their own home took only 5-10 minutes to burn. Whether you have 5 minutes or all afternoon, here are quick tasks could save you from a financial heartache down the road.Emergency Window Decals Why NOT to Use ThemDo you have fire decals on your windows? Interestingly, nearly all modern fire departments around the country do not recommend using them. Here are some reasons from the National Fire Prevention Association.Campfire Safety 101Toasting marshmallows and roasting hotdogs over a crackling campfire is one of the most popular American summer activities. Be safe and follow these tips.Backyard Fire Pit Safety TipsSitting around a fire is an American summer past time we hold dear to our hearts. However, not all of us can escape to the woods for the true campfire experience. Backyard fire pits are becoming a popular alternative to camp fires.BBQ Safety TipsGrilling is an American favorite. But if you're not careful, it can be a fire hazard. Read through these safety tips from the Home Safety Council.